Article 3.1 - Zoning Districts Established

.1 General Districts

The General Zoning Districts are established below in a hierarchy from “highest” to “lowest”.  Reclassification of property to any general zoning district is considered under the procedures of Section 11.4.  The requirements of each general district are established in Section 3.2.


District
Name
Classification
R
 Rural District
 Residential
TR
 Transitional Residential District    
 Residential
NR
 Neighborhood Residential District    
 Residential
GR
 General Residential District    
 Residential
TND-R
 Rural Traditional Neighborhood Development District
 Mixed Use
TND-U
 Urban Traditional Neighborhood Development District
 Mixed Use
TOD-R
 Transit-Oriented Development District-Residentially Led
 Mixed Use
NC
 Neighborhood Center District
 Mixed Use
TC
 Town Center District    
 Mixed Use
CI
 Campus Institutional District
 Mixed Use
TOD-E
 Transit-Oriented Development District-Employment Led
 Commercial
HC
 Highway Commercial District
 Commercial
CB
 Corporate Business District
 Commercial
VS
 Passenger Vehicle Sales District
 Commercial
SP
 Special Purpose District
 Commercial


.2 Conditional Zoning Districts

Conditional zoning districts correspond to general districts.  They provide for those situations  where a particular use, properly planned, may be appropriate for a particular site, but where the general district has insufficient standards to mitigate the site-specific impact on surrounding areas. Uses which may be considered for a conditional zoning district are restricted to those uses permitted in the corresponding general zoning district. Conditional Zoning Districts are established on an individualized basis, at the request of the property owner, according to the procedures of Section 11.4.  Zoning of a conditional zoning district is not intended for securing early or speculative reclassification of property.  It is expected that, in most cases, the standards of the General Districts appropriately regulate site-specific impact of permitted uses and structures on surrounding areas.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

District
Name
Classification
 R(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Rural District
 Residential
 TR(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Transitional Residential District    
 Residential
 NR(CD)    
 Conditional Zoning Neighborhood Residential District    
 Residential
 GR(CD)
 Conditional Zoning General Residential District    
 Residential
 TND-R(CD)    
 Conditional Zoning Rural Traditional Neighborhood Development District
 Mixed Use
 TND-U(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Urban Traditional Neighborhood Development District
 Mixed Use
 TOD-R(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Transit-Oriented Development District-Residentially Led
 Mixed Use    
 NC(CD)    
 Conditional Zoning Neighborhood Center District
 Mixed Use
 TC(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Town Center District    
 Mixed Use
 CI(CD)    
 Conditional Zoning Campus Institutional District
 Mixed Use
 TOD-E(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Transit-Oriented Development District-Employment Led
 Commercial
 HC(CD)    
 Conditional Zoning Highway Commercial District
 Commercial
 CB(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Corporate Business District
 Commercial
 VS(CD)    
 Conditional Zoning Passenger Vehicle Sales District
 Commercial
 SP(CD)
 Conditional Zoning Special Purpose District
 Commercial

.3 Overlay District 

An Overlay District is a zoning district which is applied only in conjunction with another zoning district.  It may grant additional uses, restrict permitted uses, or impose development requirements which differ from those of the underlying district.  The underlying district and the overlay district, taken together, will control development.  The Overlay Districts are established below. The requirements of each Overlay District are set forth in Section 3.3.  

District
Name
Classification
 MH-O    
 Manufactured Home Overlay District
Residential
 MIL-O    
 Mountain Island Lake Watershed Overlay District    
Environmental Protection    
 LN-O    
 Lake Norman Watershed Overlay District
Environmental Protection

.4 Zoning District Boundary Interpretation 

  1. Where district boundaries are shown within a street or alley right-of-way, railroad or utility line right-of-way, recorded easement, or navigable or non-navigable waterway, such boundaries shall be construed to be in the center of the right-of-way, easement, or waterway.
  2. Where district boundaries are so indicated that they approximately follow lot lines, or town, city, or county borders, such lines shall be construed to be said district boundaries, unless otherwise indicated.
  3. Where district boundaries are so indicated that they are approximately parallel to the centerlines of streets, highways, or railroads, or rights-of-way of same, such district boundaries shall be construed as being parallel thereto and at such distance therefrom as indicated on the zoning map.  If no distance is shown, such distance shall be determined by use of the scale shown on the official Zoning Maps. 
  4. Where a district boundary line divides a single lot, each part of the lot shall be used in conformity with the standards established by these regulations for the district in which that part is located.   
  5. If, because of error or omission in the maps, any property within the jurisdiction of this ordinance is not shown as being in a zoning district, such property will be classified as TRANSITIONAL until changed by amendment.   
  6. When a zoning case file contains detailed, verifiable information regarding the boundary, that information will be used as the correct boundary location.   
  7. In instances where none of the above methods are sufficient to resolve the boundary location, the reasonable maintenance of a regular boundary will be used to establish the boundary location.     

Table of Contents

Zoning Ordinance Table of Contents