Section 8.100 - Standards & Specifications
1. Unless specifically noted, before any final plat of a subdivision is eligible for final approval, and before any street is accepted for maintenance by the Town or the State Department of Transportation, minimum improvements (including drainage and soil erosion) must have been completed by the developer and approved by the Town Engineering Department, or other designated engineer, in accordance with the standards and specifications of the Land Development Standards Manual or Article 5 of the Huntersville Zoning Ordinance, whichever applies. Minimum improvements not completed and approved must be guaranteed in accordance with the provisions of Section 8.400.3 prior to final plat approval.1. Unless specifically noted, before any final plat of a subdivision is eligible for final approval, and before any street is accepted for maintenance by the town or the State Department of Transportation, minimum improvements (including drainage and soil erosion) must have been completed by the developer and approved by the Town Engineering Department, or other designated engineer, in accordance with the standards and specifications of the Land Development Standards Manual or Article 5 of the Huntersville Zoning Ordinance, whichever applies. Minimum improvements not completed and approved must be bonded in accordance with the provisions of Section 8.400.3 prior to final plat approval.
2. The intent of the specifications set out in this sub-section is to prescribe minimum requirements for storm drainage and street improvements to be undertaken by the developer. Satisfactory completion of these improvements, attested by approval of the Town Engineering Department, will qualify streets in the town to be accepted for maintenance by the town and streets in the extraterritorial jurisdiction to be accepted for maintenance by the town upon annexation or, in the case of state-standard streets, to be considered for maintenance by the state.
8.110 STREET IMPROVEMENT RESPONSIBILITY
In order to facilitate the provision of street rights-of-way and necessary improvements, the following sections establish responsibilities for the installation of streets and related improvements for each class of street. Any area of right-of-way which must be reserved for future acquisition may be dedicated at the option of the developer or property owner in return for the transfer of development rights, as provided for in section 7.100 of this ordinance. In addition, all streets built by the developer will be credited to the developer for the transfer of development rights.
- New or extension of existing Freeway or street:
- Right-of-way Entire width reserved by developer for future acquisition, provided the certification in Section 8.115 can be made
- Improvements Installed by public
- Existing Freeway:
- No right-of-way or improvements required of developer
Other Major Thoroughfare:
- Right-of-way For new Other Major Thoroughfare, the developer is responsible for the dedication of up to 100 feet of right-of-way (50 feet each side of the centerline). Along existing Other Major Thoroughfare, any development which requires specific improvements of the street to meet vehicular and/or pedestrian access needs of the particular development must dedicate the right-of-way necessary to accommodate those improvements.
- Improvements - Installed by the public in accordance with a schedule of public street improvements, except on existing streets where specific improvements are required to meet vehicular and/or traffic needs of the particular development in which case the developer must install the necessary improvements at the time of development. If, however, a public improvement project for the street is programmed and funded, the developer may be relieved of the actual construction, but remains liable for the costs of the improvements for which he or she would otherwise be responsible. The developer has the option, after consultation with the Town Manager and Town Engineering Department, to construct all or a portion of a new or extended street if the developer wants to make use of the street for access to the development. Development along new Class III streets or extensions of Class III streets must limit access points to public streets or specifically approved street type entrances.
- Right-of-way For new Minor Thoroughfare streets the developer is responsible for the dedication of up to 70 feet of right-of-way (35 feet each side of the centerline). Along existing Minor Thoroughfare streets any development which requires improvements of the street to meet vehicular and/or pedestrian access needs of the particular development must dedicate the right-of-way necessary to accommodate those improvements.
- Improvements Installed by the public in accordance with a schedule of public street improvements, except where specific improvements are required to meet the vehicular and/or pedestrian access needs of the particular development in which case the developer must install the necessary improvements at the time of development. If, however, a public improvement project for the street is programmed and funded, the developer may be relieved of the actual construction, but remains liable for the costs of the improvements for which he or she would otherwise be liable. The developer has the option, after consultation with the Town Manager and Town Engineering Department, to construct all or a portion of a new or extended street if the developer wants to make use of the street for access to the development. Development along new Class IV streets or extensions of Class IV streets must limit access points to public streets or specifically approved street type entrances.
- Right-of-way - Dedicated by the developer.
- Improvements - Constructed by the developer.
All streets must be constructed to comply with the minimum standards shown in the Land Development Standards Manual or Article 5 of the Huntersville Zoning Ordinance, whichever applies, and all applicable town or state requirements. Public improvements will be made in accordance with adopted plans, programs, and budgets. It should not be expected that the occurrence of development will result in the immediate installation of public street improvements by the public sector unless those improvements are scheduled and funded in accordance with public policies and programs.
In lieu of required street construction, and subject to approval by the Town Board of Commissioners, a developer may provide the Town with funds to use for the construction of roads to serve the occupants, residents, or invitees of the subdivision or development, and these funds may be used for roads which serve more than one subdivision or development within the area. All funds received by the Town pursuant to this provision shall be used only for development of roads, including design, land acquisition, and construction. The Town may undertake these activities in conjunction with the Department of Transportation under an agreement between the Town and the Department of Transportation. The amount of funds the developer pays in lieu of required street construction shall be based on the trips generated from the subdivision or development. A combination of partial payment of funds and partial dedication of constructed streets may be permitted when the Town Board determines that a combination is in the best interests of the citizens of the area to be served
8.115 RESPONSIBILITY FOR STATE ROADS
No dedication or reservation of right-of-way for a new street or highway within a corridor for a street or highway on a plan established and adopted pursuant to N.C.G.S. § 136-66.2 for a street or highway that is included in the Department of Transportation’s “Transportation Improvement Program” will be required by the provisions of this ordinance unless and until the Town Manager has determined and certified in writing: (1) that the dedication or reservation does not result in the deprivation of a reasonable use of the original tract and (2) that the dedication or reservation is either reasonably related to the traffic generated by the proposed subdivision or use of the land remaining in the original tract, or the impact of the dedication or reservation is mitigated by measures provided in this ordinance. For these purposes the term ‘original tract’ will mean all contiguous land owned by the applicant. The ability of the applicant to transfer density credits attributable to the dedicated right-of-way to contiguous land owned by the applicant is deemed to be a measure which mitigates the impact of the dedication or reservation.
1. Storm drainage adequate to accommodate a 10-year storm must be provided throughout the subdivision by means of storm drainage pipe or properly graded channels or natural drainage. Where adequate storm drainage has been provided by means of approved storm drainage pipe and the necessary easements to provide access to the drainage facilities, in accordance with the standards of the Town and the Town Engineering Department, and has been dedicated and accepted or otherwise conveyed to the Town, the Town will assume the responsibility for maintenance of the drainage pipe. Where adequate storm drainage has been provided by means of properly graded channels or ditches, the maintenance thereof will remain the responsibility of the property owner and must be so noted on the final plat and on deeds for the affected lots.
2. In addition to drainage improvements as required by this section, the subdivider may provide for storm water detention to serve the entire subdivision as part of the drainage plan to be approved by Town Engineering Department. For the purposes of this subsection, the subdivision shall include the streets, sidewalks, driveways, rooftops and other impervious surfaces proposed to be constructed upon completion of the subdivision.
8.130 CURB AND GUTTER
Curb and gutter is required on all arterial and collector streets and on all Town streets with the exception of alleys, lanes, and other rural street applications. Location and type of curb and gutter is determined through the design process outlined in Article 5 of the Zoning Ordinance. Standard curb and gutter is recommended for curb and gutter installations on all street types. However, valley (mountable) curb and gutter may be used in lieu of standard curb and gutter on collector streets, and on Town streets that serve less urban purposes such as Residential Local and Collector streets. Standard curb and gutter is required where formal parking is used.
Sidewalk width should be established using the Design Process found in Article 5 of the Zoning Ordinance and in accordance with the Engineering Standards and Procedures Manual (ESAPM) or thoroughfare design process. In all cases, a minimum of a five (5) foot wide sidewalk is required on both sides of new or existing collector streets, on both sides of local streets except lanes, alleys, and on the developed side of Residential Local Streets with Greenway/Belt. Installation of sidewalks is the responsibility of the developer. However, to reduce impervious cover and promote LID, sidewalks on one side of Town Streets may be waived by the town in the Rural Zoning District.
Sidewalks are required on both sides of new or existing arterial streets with installation by developer to meet the pedestrian access requirements of the development. Sidewalk construction may be waived by the Town Board when accessibility by pedestrians does not now exist and is not expected to exist in the future. Conservation Subdivisions are exempt from the requirement to construct or escrow funds for sidewalks or alternative pedestrian paths along existing arterials
Location. Approval of sidewalk construction plans must be obtained from the Town Engineering Department as part of the subdivision review process. Town Engineering will review and comment on the location of the required facilities at the time of plan review. Except in unusual circumstances, sidewalks may not be located less than 5 feet, but preferably 7-10 feet, from the back of the curb or edge of pavement when no curb and gutter is required. If existing public street right-of-way is not available, the developer will be required to construct the sidewalk outside the street right-of-way on a permanent easement. While in most instances a sidewalk will be placed parallel to and offset from the curb line, developers are encouraged and expected to meander sidewalks to preserve existing trees of significance. Adjustments may be made in the field to accommodate such circumstances.
8.150 STREET TREES
The developer shall install street trees along all streets within a development and along the abutting side of streets forming the perimeter of the development. Street trees shall be placed between the sidewalk, if present, and the back of curb or back of ditch, when no curb and gutter is required. Street trees must be planted in accordance with the applicable standards found in the Engineering Standards and Procedures Manual (ESAPM) and NCDOT Guidelines. Large maturing trees should be planted 40 feet to center; small maturing trees should be planted 30 feet on center. Street tree plantings conceived to produce a clear vertical edge to a street or plaza may require denser spacing. The planting plan shall adhere to Article 7 of the Huntersville Zoning Ordinance. In Conservation Subdivisions where existing, mature trees are to be preserved as a condition of the conservation easement, the requirement for street tree planting shall be waived.
8.160 STREET LIGHTS
Street lighting will be installed in each new subdivision pursuant to a street lighting plan which shall be submitted to the Town for approval. This shall be the responsibility of the developer. Street lights compatible in height and scale with the streetscape are strongly recommended. Further,
1. Street lights shall in all cases use fully shielded fixtures except that decorative street light fixtures shall be designed with caps so that light does not shine upward at more than a 135-degree angle measured above straight down (three-quarters of the way between straight down and straight to the top) from the pole or mounting wall.
2. Fixtures with minimal across-road and “house side” waste shall be used, especially in residential areas, taking into consideration the details of roadway geometry and width.
3. Low pressure sodium lights are strongly encouraged.
4. A street lighting plan must be approved by the Town prior to Preliminary Plan or Commercial Site Plan approval.
8.170 STREET MARKERS AND BARRICADES
1. Standard street markers must be installed by the developer at one corner of all street intersections, including private streets, before any certificates of occupancy may be issued for buildings or residences along those streets. The design, material, location and installation of the signs must be in accordance with standards specified in the Engineering Standards and Procedures Manual unless an alternative design is approved. Alternatives to the standard design for street markers may be submitted by the developer for consideration by the Town Board. If an alternative design is approved by the Town Board, responsibility for the installation, maintenance, and replacement of non-standard street markers remains with the developer and subsequently with the homeowners. If maintenance and replacement of non-standard street markers is not provided by the developer or homeowners, the Town shall install standard street markers as replacements are needed. All standard street markers will be maintained and replaced by the Town once initial installation has been completed and streets are accepted for maintenance.
2. Barricades must be installed at the end of all dead-end streets except cul-de-sac streets which have been improved with a permanent turnaround as required by this Ordinance. Design, material and installation of the barricades must be in accordance with the Engineering Standards and Procedures Manual.