Article 9.35 - Schools

.1 Schools shall conform principal buildings to the standards of Civic Buildings and lots, Article 4. Accessory and incidental buildings may be placed within a street fronting yard if they conform to a building and lot type permitted in the zoning district. Buildings which do not so conform shall be placed within established rear and side yards which do not abut a street.

.2 Permanent parking lots associated with schools shall meet the standards of Article 6, Off-Street Parking. However, areas designated for temporary bus parking that also serves as a recreational area shall not be subject to interior parking lot landscaping requirements.

3 Notwithstanding.1 and.2, above, where the safe transport of students requires functional separation of
parking and circulation areas (i.e. school bus, auto drop-off, etc.), the location of parking and
circulation according to building and lot type may be modified, so long as street abutting parking and
circulation areas are, to the extent practicable, detailed as plazas. Sufficient stacking lanes for drop-off
and pick-up shall be provided on-site so that traffic circulation is not impeded on any public right-of-way. Stacking on Town streets may be allowed if all of the following are met:

a. Site is zoned TND-R, TND-U or TND-Overlay;

b. Maximum enrollment shall not exceed 360 kindergarten to 8th grade students;

c. Two-way traffic maintained on Town streets along the entire pick up/drop-off zone;

d. Pick-up/drop-off zone shall have a minimum width of eight (8) feet exclusive of the two-way traffic lanes.

e. The school shall provide at a minimum a 11.5-foot-wide hardscaped area behind the back of curb.   Street trees with grates are allowable, but bushes/shrubs in the area are not allowed.

f. A traffic impact analysis, including a mandatory circulation plan and queuing analysis must be approved by the Town of Huntersville Engineering and Public Works Department prior to plan approval. Should conditions in the field vary from the analysis, the Town Engineer has the ability to modify the circulation plan.

.4 Dust-free, pervious surface areas are encouraged for overflow or event parking; such areas need not conform with Article 6 if they are maintained in a natural condition (for example, as a grassed field).

.5 Service areas shall be separated by an opaque screen from the view from any street and from abutting properties as described in Section 7.6 of this ordinance.

.6 Where chain link and similar fencing material are installed in an established yard abutting a street, such fencing shall be planted on the exterior side with evergreen shrubs minimum 3 feet in height (expected height at maturity minimum 6 feet), 6 feet on center at installation.

.7 Outdoor lighting associated with active outdoor recreational facilities shall be designed as follows:

a. Facilities shall use fully shielded lighting fixtures except where luminaries are:

(1) Provided with internal and/or external glare control louvers and installed so as to minimize uplight and offsite light trespass and

(2) Installed and maintained with aiming angles that permit no greater than five% (5%) of the light emitted by each fixture to project above the horizontal.

b. Lighting plans shall limit light trespass to the maximum extent possible. A maximum of.5 footcandles at any location on any non-residential property, and.1 footcandles at any location on any residential property, as measurable from any orientation of the measuring device, shall be met.

c. Lighting shall be extinguished after 11 p.m. Illumination of the sports facility shall be permitted after this time only to conclude a scheduled event that was unable to conclude before this time due to unusual circumstances.

.8 Elementary and Junior High Schools shall be located on streets sized to accommodate traffic volumes of background uses plus the additional traffic projected to be generated by the school(s)

.9 Senior high schools shall be on a lot which abuts a minor or major thoroughfare; primary vehicular access shall be provided from the thoroughfare.

.10 When permitting temporary classroom units, the entire site shall be reviewed for compliance with applicable codes (i.e. sidewalks, landscaping, turn-lanes). Applicants are encouraged to bring the site into compliance where deficiencies are identified relative to the intensification of use proposed.

.11 In a Corporate Business zoning district, schools shall only be allowed with the issuance of a special use permit subject to the following:

a. Schools shall only be allowed on existing lots and in existing buildings as of December 20, 2010 no greater than 50,000 square feet. Additions to buildings intended for school use will be limited to 10% of the existing floor area of the building.

b. Schools shall be limited to a temporary use. The length of time allowed for the school to operate will be determined by the Town Board during the special use permit process; not to exceed three (3) years from the occupancy of the temporary building. If the school does not occupy the building within one (1) year of the special use permit approval, the permit will become null and void. A school may apply for another Special Use Permit allowing an additional two (2) years in the CB district with the approval of the Town Board. At no time shall an individual school be located in the CB district at the same location for more than a total of five (5) years.

c. The maximum number of students shall be 300.

d. In a CB zoning district, the school site shall be designed, located and accessed such that primary passenger vehicles routes avoid those that will be heavily used by truck/industrial traffic

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