CONTACTS

Departments > Planning > Ordinances and Manuals > Illustrative Tree List

Illustrative Tree List (*Partial)

For a complete list of trees, please refer to the Huntersville Approved Tree and Shrub List

Small Maturing Evergreen
Name Picture Growth Rate Height at Maturity Spread at Maturity Street Tree Comments
American Holly
Ilex opaca
Slow 15'-30' 10'-20' No Foilage sometimes disfigured by winter sun.Fruit production best in full sun.
Bakeri Spruce
Picea Pungens 'Bakeri'
Slow 10'-12' 12'-15' No Compact growing. Prefers moist rich soil.
Black Hills Spruce
Picea glauca densata
Slow 20'-40' 10'-15' No Low maintenance, best grown in moist, well-drained soil with full sun.
Camellia Sasanqua
Camellia Sasanqua
Fast 6'-10' 6'-10' No Dark green glossy leaves, dense branching and pink blossoms.
Carolina Cherry Laurel
Prunus caroliniana
Fast 20'-30' 15'-20' No Grown primarily for excellent foilage; forms good windbreak.
Emerald Green Arborvitae
Thuja Occidentalis 'Emerald Green'
Slow 10'-15' 3'-4' No Creates natural privacy screen. no pruning is required. Easy to grow.
'Emily Brunner' Holly
Ilex X 'Emily Brunner'
Medium 20' 8' No Full sun. Large red fruit. Leaves have course spines.
Foster Holly
Ilex attenuata
Medium 20'-30' 7'-10' No Tolerates city conditions. Heavy fruit production.
Greenleaf Holly
Ilex opaca 'greenleaf'
Medium 25'-35' 15'-20' No Low maintenance, poisonous. Tolerates drought.
Hinoki Flasecypress
Chanaecyparis obtusa 'Filicoides'
Slow 10'-20' 8'-16' No Needled evergreen with cones. Low maintenance.
Little Gem Magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora 'little gem'
Slow 20'-40' 8'-12' No Dark green oval shape. suited for screen or hedge. Flowers at 2-3 years.
Nellie Stevens Holly
Ilex "Nellie R. Stevens"
Fast 15'-25' 10'-15' No Vigorous and drought resistant. Glossy dark green with bright red fruit.
Savannah Holly
Ilex attenuata
Fast 20'-30' 8'-15' No Requires heavy fertilization for good leaf color.
Yaupon Holly
Ilex vomitoria
Medium 15'-20' 15'-20' No Full sun to partial shade, high drought tolerance.
Large Maturing Deciduous
Name Picture Growth Rate Height at Maturity Spread at Maturity Street Tree Comments
Bald Cypress
Taxodium distichum
Slow 50'-100' 20'-30' Yes Often used for poorly drained sites but grows well in average soil.
Beech
Fagus grandifolia
Slow 60'-80' 40'-60' No Dense shade which does not produce undergrowth. Strong, long lived.
Bitternut Hickory
Carya Cordiformis
Fast 50' - 100' 30' - 40' No Sun to partial shade. Range of soil types.
Black Gum
Nyssa sylvatica
Medium 40'-60' 20'-30' No Gorgeous fall color, long lived, difficult to transplant.
Black Oak
Quercus velutina
Slow 60'-80' 30'-60' No One of the largest growing oaks, excellent shade tree, difficult to transplant
Chinese Chestnut
Castanea Mollissima
Slow 40' - 60' 60' No Shade tree with edible fruit.
Chinese Flame Tree
Koelreuteria bipinnata
Fast 20' - 35' 25' - 35' No Tolerant tree that is quick spreading, and may be invasive.
Common Hackberry
Celtis occidentalis
Medium 40'-55' 35'-50' Yes Grows well in adverse conditions. Can develop witch's broom.
Cucumber Magnolia
Magnolia Acuminata
Fast 50' - 80' 50' - 80' No Greenish white flowers. Good shade tree. Full sun to partial shade.
Dawn Redwood
Metasequoia Glyptostroboides
Fast 75' - 100' 15' - 25" No Flowering with small round cones. Good for shade tree.
Eastern Red Oak
Quercus rubra maxima
Fast 50'-70' 40'-60' Yes Withstands most city conditions, valued for rapid growth, transplants easily.
Fastigiate English Oak
Quercus robur "Fastigiata"
Medium 50' - 60' 10' - 18' No Dense, columnar tree that needs little pruning.
Freeman Maple
Acer X Freemanii
Fast 40' - 60' 20' - 40' No Shade tree tolerant to adverse climatic and soil conditions.
Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
Slow 40'-70' 20'-40' Yes Plant grafted male only, pest free, tolerates pollution.
Green Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Fast 50'-80' 50'-70' Yes Do not plant in heavy clay soil.
Hophornbeam
Ostrya Virginiana
Slow 30' - 50' 25' - 30' No Drought and pest resistant. Tolerant of poor soil conditions.
Japanese Pagoda Tree
Sophora japonica
Fast 50'-70' 50' Yes Light foilage permits adequate turf growth. May develop cankers which can girdle limb
Japanese Zelkova
Zelkova serrata
Medium 70' - 80' 50' - 60' Yes Excellent shade tree.
Kentucky Coffeetree
Gymnocladus Dioicus
Slow 75' 40' - 50' No Dark green or blue-green leaves. Develops large pods that cause litter.
Lacebark Elm
Ulmus parvifolia
Medium 40'-50' 50' - 60' Yes Resistant to Dutch Elm disease.
Laurel Oak
Quercus laurifolia
Medium 60'-80' 80' No Semi-evergreen leaves, use variety- Darlington
Little Leaf Linden
Tilia Cordata
Medium 50' - 90' 40' No Light yellow or off-white flowers. Full sun to light shade. Tolerates urban environments.
London Plane-Tree
Platanus x acerifolia
Fast 70'-100' 50'-70' Yes Withstands harsh city conditions. Very long lived, valuable for streets. Some litter.
Northern Red Oak
Quercus Rubra
Fast 60' - 75' 45' No Shade tree with a rounded shape, full sun.
Nuttall Oak
Quercus Nuttallii
Medium 40' - 60' 30' - 40' No Low maintenance, able to withstand heat and poor drainage.
Overcup Oak
Quercus Lyrata
Medium 45' - 75' 35' - 50' Yes Long lived, very sturdy shade tree.
Pecan
Carya illinoinensis
Medium 60'-100' 30'-40' No Used as shade tree in parks. Young trees very susceptible to sun scald. Litter.
Persimmon
Diospyros Virginiana
Medium 40' - 60' 20' - 35' No Recommended for buffer strips, has been successful in poor drainage and soil.
Pignut Hickory
Carya Glabra
Medium 80' - 135' 30' - 40' No Shade tree. Fruit and foliage cause significant litter.
Pin Oak
Quercus palustris
Fast 60'-80' 40'-50' No Lower branches block visibility, holds leaves in winter, easily transplanted.
Post Oak
Quercus Stellata
Medium 40' - 50' 35' - 50' No Shade tree, dense rounded canopy of twisted branches.
River Birch
Betula nigra
Fast 40'-70' 40' - 60' No Subject to drought problems. Grows well on high or low ground. Multi trunk.
Ruby Red Horse Chestnut
Aesculus X Carnea Briotii
Slow 35' - 50' 35' - 50' No Specimen tree. Deep scarlet flowers in spring attract bees and hummingbirds.
Sawtooth Oak
Quercus acutissima
Medium 35'-45' 35'-50' No Holds leaves in winter, drops lots of nuts, toughest of oaks. Recommended to use sparingly.
Scarlet Oak
Quercus coccinea
Fast 60'-80' 40'-50' Yes Excellent for shade and street tree, pleasing fall color, hard to transplant.
Shademaster Honeylocust
Gleditsia Triacanthos Inermis "Shademaster"
Fast 60' 40' No Full to partial sun. Adaptable to harsh conditions.
Shagbark Hickory
Carya Ovata
Slow 60' - 80' 25' - 35' No One of the heartiest of the hickory species. Adaptable in many soils.
Shumard Oak
Quercus shumardii
Medium 40'-80' 50' - 60' Yes Good dark red fall color.
Southern Red Oak
Quercus Falcata
Fast 70'-80' 60' - 70' Yes Large, fast growing shade tree.
Sugar Hackberry
Celtis laevigata
Medium 60' - 80' 60' - 80' No Sun, does well in a range of soil types.
Sugar Maple
Acer saccharinum
Slow 50'-75' 30'-40' Yes Excellent fall color. Young trees susceptible to sun scald if not protected. Good Soils.
Swamp White Oak
Quercus Bicolor
Fast 50' - 70' 50' - 60' No Prefers moist acidic soils, but will tolerate drought conditions.
Sweetgum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Slow 60'-100' 50'-75' Yes Fruit is not a problem with species- Rotundiloba. Good for shade, symmetrical.
Tulip-Poplar
Liriodendron tulipifera
Medium 60'-150' 30'-40' Yes Stately tree valued for flowers and foilage. Needs lots of space, good soil.
Water Oak
Quercus nigra
Medium 50'-75' 30'-40' No Easily transplanted, drooping branches limit use as shade tree.
White Ash
Fraxinus americana
Medium 60'-80' 50'-70' Yes Resists heat and drought well. Survives well in severe exposures.
White Oak
Quercus alba
Slow 60'-100' 50'-90' Yes May hold leaves, very long lived, very difficult to transplant.
Willow Oak
Quercus phellos
Medium 60'-80' 30'-40' Yes Majestic tree, excellent shade, easily transplanted.
Small Maturing Deciduous
Name Picture Growth Rate Height at Maturity Spread at Maturity Street Tree Comments
American Hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana
Slow 20'-30' 15'-20' Yes Very slow growth; excellent under power lines; tolerates city conditions. Only permitted in the TC zoning district within 500 feet of Town Hall.
Amur Maple
Acer ginnala
Medium 15'-20' 18'-20' Yes Tolerant of heavy pruning and may be used as hedge. Minimum maintenance.
Chinese Elm
Ulmus parvifolia
Medium 30'-40' 25'-30' Yes Superior tree for any situation; tough; durable; tolerates drought.
European Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Slow 40'-60' Yes Pest free; tolerates city conditions.
Hedge Maple
Acer campestre
Slow 15'-35' Yes
Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum
Slow 15'-25' No High fertility with high organic content.
Paperbark Maple
Acer griseum
Slow 20'-30' 15'-25' No Full sun or partial shade, relatively pest free.
Purpleblow Maple
Acer truncatum
Slow 20' 15' No Low canopy tree, suitable for planting under power lines.
Trident Maple
Acer buergerianum
Medium 25'-30' 20'-30' Yes Attractive urban tree with good foilage, form and fall color, good structural strength.
Large Maturing Evergreen
Name Picture Growth Rate Height at Maturity Spread at Maturity Street Tree Comments
American Arborvitae
Thuja occidentallis
Slow 30' - 50' 10' - 15' No Prefers moist soil. Tolerant once established.
Austrian Pine
Pinus nigra
Medium 50'-60' No Tolerates city conditions.
Canadian Hemlock
Tsugu canadensis
Fast 30'-80' 15'-30' No Useful in cool shade and on north slopes in moist soil.
Carolina Hemlock
Tsuga Caroliniana
Slow 40' - 60' 20' - 25' No Full sun to partial shade. Do not tolerate heat or dry sites.
Deodar Cedar
Cedrus deodora
Fast 40'-50' 30'-40' No Subject to winter injury up to age 15 yrs. Lower limbs should touch ground.
Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana
Slow 40'-50' 8'-20' No Widely used for screening, windbreaks, and hedges.
Emerald Green Aborvitae
Thuja occidentallis "Emerald Green"
Medium 15' - 20' 3' - 4' No Hedge tree. Needs regular watering.
Green Giant Aborvitae
Thuja "Green Giant"
Fast 60' 30' No Easy to grow and adaptable. Good for a privacy screen or hedge.
Hume Holly
Ilex Opaca "Hume #2"
Fast 30' - 50' 15' - 20' No Low maintenance. Produces heavy fruit.
Japanese Black Pine
Pinus thunbergiana,
Slow 50'-75' 25' No Excellent screen spaced 4 to 6 feet apart.
Japanese Cedar
Cryptomeria Japonica
Medium 50' - 60' 25' - 30' No Easy to grow, good screening, small cones.
Laurel Oak
Quercus laurifolia
Slow 40'-60' 30'-40' Yes Frequently used as street tree; excellent specimen.
Leyland Cypress
Cupressocyparis leylandii
Fast 60'-70' 12'-17' No Maintains good shape, excellent screening
Live Oak
Quercus virginiana
Slow 30'-50' 30'-50' No Magnificent and long lived.
Loblolly Pine
Pinus taeda
Fast 70'-90' 30'-40' No Tolerates poor soil and severe exposures, Difficult to transplant when taller than 4ft.
Savannah Holly
Ilex X attenuata "Savannah"
Medium 30' - 45' 6' - 10' No Sun or partial shade, high drought tolerance. Usually pest free.
Shortleaf Pine
Pinus Echinata
Fast 100' 25' - 35' No A perennial tree with a rapid growth rate and moderate lifespan, intolerant to shade.
Southern Magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora
Medium 40'-60' 25'-30' No Allow branches to touch ground to hide litter of leaves, flowers, and fruit.
Virginia Pine
Pinus virginiana
Medium 15'-40' No Susceptible to pine beetles if not kept healthy.
Small Maturing Deciduous Flowering
Name Picture Growth Rate Height at Maturity Spread at Maturity Street Tree Comments
American Hazelnut
Corylus Americana
Fast 8' - 15' 8' - 13' No Low maintenance, edible fruit. Hedge tree.
Bottlebrush Buckeye
Aesculus Parviflora
Slow 6' - 12' 8' - 15' No Attracts insects and hummingbirds. Partial sun or full shade.
Carolina Silverbell
Halesia carolina
Slow 20'-40' 20' No Good drainage; no pruning; no pest problems.
Chinese Fringetree
Chionanthus retusus
Slow 15' - 20' 20' - 25' No Needs regular watering. Partial to full sun. White flowers.
Chinese Pistache
Pistacia chinensis
Medium 25'-40' 25'-35' No Drought tolerant, easy to transplant. Female trees produce blue/red fruit.
Chinese Redbud
Cercis chinensis
Medium 30' 15' No Does not transplant well. Do not need artificial fertilizers.
Chionanthus Virginicus
Fringetree
Slow 12' - 20' 12' - 20' No Creamy white flowers. Sun to partial shade.
Crape-Myrtle
Lagerstroemia indica
Medium 15' - 25' 5' - 15' Yes Decorative and effective throughout the year. Best variety: Natchez.
Eastern Redbud
Cercis canadensis
Slow 20'-30' 12'-25' Yes Does well in full sun.Very drought resistant.
Flowering Crab Apple
Malus hybrida
Medium 15'-25' 10'-20' No Best varieties: Centurion, Snowdrift, Zumi.
Flowering Dogwood
Cornus florida
Medium 15'-30' 15'-20' No Needs partial shade; good soils preferred.
Golden Rain-Tree
Koelreuteria paniculata
Medium 20'-30' 15'-20' Yes Best used in groups; withstands city condition; short lived.
Green Hawthorn
Crataegus viridis "Winter King"
Medium 25' - 35' 25' - 35' No Low maintenance, white flowers. Drought resistant.
Japanese flowering crabapple
Malus floribunda
Medium 15'-25' 15'-25' No Dense canopy, disease resistant. Produces yellow or red crabapples.
Kousa Dogwood
Cornus Kousa
Medium 10'-15' 10' No Blooms after leaves appear. More hardy than Flowering Dogwood.
Kwanzan Cherry
Prunus serrulata kwanzan
Slow 20'-25' Yes Good soils preferred.
Lily magnolia
Magnolia liliflora
Medium 12'-15' 8'-10' No Full to partial sun. Requires pruning. Dark green foliage and dark purple-red flowers.
Merrill Magnolia
Magnolia X loebneri 'Merrill'
Medium 20'-30' 20'-30' No Full sun to partial shade. Sensitive to drought or adverse conditions.
Okame Cherry
Prunus X 'Okame'
Medium 15'-25' 20' No Full sun to partial shade; moderately drought tolerant. Pink flowers in spring.
Paw Paw
Asimina Triloba
Medium 20' - 30' 15' - 20' No Spreading and drooping. Producing fruit 3" to 6" in length.
Purpleleaf Plum
Prunus cerasifera "Pissardii"
Medium 15'-30' No Remains purple; produces fruit.
Pussy Willow
Salix discolor
Fast 6'-15' 4'-12' No Low maintenance, prefers full sun. Tolerates different soil types.
Rutger's Hybrid Dogwood
Cornus Kousa X Florida
Medium 20' - 30' 15' - 20' No Pink blooms in spring. Moist, well drained soil. Low and spreading.
Saucer Magnolia
Magnolia soulangiana
Medium 15'-25' 15'-25' No Select late blooming to aviod freeze damage.
Serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea,
Medium 10'-20' 8'-15' No Blooms just before Dogwood. Native to mountains of the Southeast.
Shadblow Serviceberry
Amelanchier Canadensis
Medium 20' - 25' 15' - 20' No Should be grown in full sun in moist, well-drained acidic soil.
Smoketree
Cotinus Coggyria
Medium 10' - 15' 12' No Shrub or border plant adaptable to many soils.
Sourwood
Oxydendrum arboreum
Slow 25'-35' 25'-30' No Shade or specimen tree with dense, drooping crown.
Star magnolia
Magnolia stellata
Slow 15'-20' 10'-15' No Small magnolia with smaller leaves. Pink to white flowers.
Umbrella tree
Magnolia tripetala
Slow 20'-30' 20'-30' No Full sun to partial shade. tolerant of soil extremes, intolerant of urban pollutants. Flowers appear after 3-4 years.
Washington Hawthorne
Crataegus phaenopyrum
Slow 25'-30' No Attractive fruit.
Wax myrtle
Myrica cerifera
Fast 10'-15' 8'-10' No Sun to partial shade, tolerates different soil types.
Weeping Cherry
Prunus subhirtella pendula
Fast 20'-30' 15'-25' No Full sun, prune in spring after flowering, short lived.
Yoshino Cherry
Prunus yedoensis
Fast 20'-40' 20'-30' Yes Excellent floral display; 15-20 year life span.